First Peoples’ Cultural Council (FPCC) has technical expertise that is often drawn on by all Indigenous, provincial and federal government.
This page provides a collection of resources to inform and support the development of Indigenous language legislation in Canada.
To see the Legislation that created the First Peoples’ Cultural Council, please see our Governance Page.
Bill C-91, an Act respecting Indigenous languages, became law on June 21, 2019. The legislation was co-developed by the Department of Canadian Heritage and the three national Indigenous organizations: the Assembly of First Nations (AFN), the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK) and the Métis Nation of Canada (MNC).
First Peoples’ Cultural Council actively supported the development of the Act through the facilitation of engagement with B.C. First Nations, advocacy with the two Ministers of Heritage and the department, participation on the AFN’s Technical Committee on Language and presentations to the parliamentary and senate committees reviewing the bill.
A Guide to An Act respecting Indigenous languages
This guide, prepared by the Assembly of First Nations, is intended to help you understand how federal Indigenous language legislation (Bill C-91) can support your efforts to reclaim, revitalize, preserve and strengthen First Nations languages.
Bill C-91 Timeline
December 6, 2016
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announces Indigenous languages legislation.
May – June 2017
The First Peoples’ Cultural Council holds engagement sessions in B.C.
June – Oct 2017
The Assembly of First Nations holds engagement sessions across Canada.
2017 – 2018
The Department of Canadian Heritage holds engagement sessions across Canada.
Memorandum to Cabinet and drafting of legislation.
February 5, 2019
House of Commons First Reading.
February 20, 2019
House of Commons Second Reading
May 9, 2019
House of Commons Third Reading.
May 9, 2019
Senate first reading.
May 27, 2019
Senate Second Reading.
June 13, 2019
Senate Third Reading.
June 21, 2019
Bill C-91 receives Royal Assent from the Governor General and becomes law.
A Legislation Framework and How to Provide Input
FPCC has compiled information to help you get started on developing your own input into the legislation.
FPCC Regional Engagement Sessions
Information about the regional sessions held by FPCC in May and June 2017. A community report was compiled to gather the findings of these sessions, which you can find on this page.
Assembly of First Nations Engagement Sessions
Information about the engagement sessions on Indigenous languages legislation held by the Assembly of First Nations in 2017.
Department of Canadian Heritage
In June and July of 2018 the Department of Canadian Heritage hosted engagement sessions on the proposed legislation in the B.C. communities of Vancouver, Kamloops, Nanaimo and Prince George. Access the Department of Canadian Heritage Discussion Guide on their webpage or download the PDF. For more information on the co-development process click here.
Community Position Papers
This section includes position papers from communities that have been shared with FPCC.
Important Documents About Indigenous Languages Legislation
This section provides links to important documents relevant for Indigenous languages legislation. Documents include reports from Canada, international documents, and letters and resolutions.
Existing Legislation on Indigenous Languages
This section provides information about existing legislation for Indigenous languages across Canada and internationally.